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New NYPD Inspector General Faces Department Resistant to Recommended Reforms



A Brooklyn prosecutor and one-time lawyer for the Mollen Commission police corruption panel was named as the NYPD’s new inspector general Thursday, assuming oversight of a sprawling institution that has for years resisted recommendations for reform.

Charles Guria, currently a senior trial assistant district attorney in Brooklyn, and the son of a city public housing cop, is only the second person to hold a job created in 2013 following widespread criticism of the NYPD’s then-pervasive practice of stopping and questioning a disproportionate number of Black and Hispanic New Yorkers.

The appointment by Department of Investigation Commissioner Jocelyn Strauber comes seven months after the prior NYPD IG, Philip Eure — the first to hold the job — resigned as the administration of Bill de Blasio came to a close.

Calling Guria “a dedicated career public servant,” Strauber said that his “his remarkable prosecutorial and investigative experience and deep understanding of police accountability issues within New York City for the past two decades will serve him well as the leader of the critical office.”

Guria started his career as a criminal defense attorney, working for the Legal Aid Society before jumping over to the other side as a Brooklyn prosecutor in 1990 at a time when crime was peaking across the city. He handled public corruption and police misconduct cases before taking a leave to join the Mollen Commission in the early 1990si. He later returned to the Brooklyn DA’s office and ultimately served until 2014 as chief of the Civil Rights and Police Integrity Bureau.

Former Brooklyn prosecutor Charles Guria was named the new NYPD inspector general.

Courtesy of the Department of Investigation

Speaking with THE CITY Thursday, Guria recounted his time with the Mollen Commission, the police corruption panel that ultimately triggered major changes to how the NYPD policed itself. But he noted one recommendation the commission made that was rejected by then-Mayor Giuliani — to create an independent monitor to oversee the NYPD.

Now — 30 years later — he’s filling that role.

“This is a much larger thing. This is the police department as a whole.,” he said. “Some people say, ‘We don’t need oversight.’ Oversight is a necessary thing. People who are in opposition to oversight, it’s like they’re in opposition to daylight.”

And he noted that while he has personally prosecuted bad cops, he’s also relied on good cops to make other cases he’s prosecuted. And, he added, “My father was a housing cop. I’ve seen the police from all ends.”

Guria will be watchdogging a department that has consistently resisted oversight. Besides the IG, the NYPD’s activities are monitored by the Civilian Complaint Review Board and a federal monitor appointed after a court found the NYPD’s overuse of “stop and frisk” unconstitutional in August 2013.

From the start there’s been resistance to this position. Former Mayor Michael Bloomberg vetoed the legislation drafted by the City Council creating it, but the Council overrode Bloomberg’s veto.

The first NYPD IG,  Philip Eure, appointed in March 2014, got into a public tiff with then-Police Commissioner Bill Bratton in 2015. Bratton demanded Eure apologize for saying the NYPD was “in the Dark Ages,” and Eure refused to say he was sorry.

A review of DOI records by THE CITY found that the nation’s biggest police force has a consistent track record of either rejecting or slow-walking dozens of recommendations made by the NYPD inspector general over the last seven years.

Since 2015, the NYPD has accepted in principle about 75% of the IG’s 255 recommendations. But as of last month, an analysis of DOI records by THE CITY found that 42% of the recommendations had not yet been fully implemented or were still pending.

Only the city Department of Correction has a worse record, with 55% of DOI’s 295 recommendations to improve conditions at troubled Rikers Island and other jails not yet implemented or still pending.

Rejected Recommendations

At the NYPD, top brass often simply reject the NYPD Inspector General’s recommendations outright, refusing to adopt 30 since 2015, records show. It’s unusual for city agencies to outright reject DOI’s suggestions.

That’s what happened six years ago when the DOI IG released a report on whether the NYPD’s enforcement of lower-level “quality of life” crimes had any measurable impact on reducing felony-level criminal activity.

In a 2015 report that examined the concept of “broken windows” enforcement of low-level crime, the NYPD claimed such a strategy led to a decrease in felony crime in the city. The NYPD IG’s report, released in June 2016, looked at whether this was true.

The IG examined how and where the department issued summonses and made misdemeanor arrests in 2015 for crimes such as public urination, carrying alcohol in open containers and disorderly conduct. They found “no evidence demonstrating a clear, direct link between an increase in summons activity and a related drop in felony crime.”

The IG also found quality-of-life enforcement was not “evenly distributed” across the city but was instead concentrated disproportionately in precincts where residents were predominantly Black and Hispanic.

Given how enforcement of low-level crimes brings more individuals into the court system and can undermine police-community relations, the IG recommended that the NYPD “assess the relative effectiveness” of quality-of-life summonses and arrests in reducing felony crime and demonstrate “statistically whether significant relationships exist.”

The department should also look at whether quality-of-life enforcement disproportionately impacts Black and Hispanic residents, males age 15 to 20 and NYCHA residents, and should “consider whether quality of life enforcement has an impact…beyond short-term real time conditions,” the IG recommended.

The NYPD flatly rejected all three recommendations.

The same thing happened after the IG made recommendations following an investigation of how the NYPD handles complaints of biased policing filed against cops by civilians.

A June 2019 report found that between 2014 and 2018, members of the public had filed nearly 2,500 biased policing complaints, but the NYPD had not substantiated a single one.

The IG made 15 recommendations, including that the department should amend its patrol guide to specifically require patrol officers and non-uniformed employees to report biased policing when they see it, and to educate the public about how to report biased policing. 

The report also suggested expanding the protected classes that fall under the bias umbrella to include “national origin,” “color,” “age,” “alienage,” “citizenship status” and “housing status.”

NYPD brass rejected all but three of those 15 recommendations.

In Crisis, Then Killed

In some cases, the NYPD has yet to fully implement recommendations the department had accepted in principle years ago. That includes the highly volatile issue of how the police respond to 911 calls about individuals in mental-health crisis.

In January 2017 the NYPD IG issued a report following the death a few months earlier of Deborah Danner, a 66-year-old schizophrenic woman fatally shot by police inside her Bronx apartment.

When Danner was shot, the IG was in the middle of a months-long investigation of the NYPD’s crisis intervention teams (CIT), cops specially trained to interact with people experiencing mental health breakdowns. The report ultimately found that while the training was effective, it was not being implemented throughout the organization and, thus, was falling short of its goal of avoiding more incidents like the one that killed Danner.

The IG made 13 recommendations and the NYPD implemented 11 of them. But as of this week, two crucial advisories had yet to be adopted: that the NYPD adjust its dispatch procedures to ensure that officers with CIT training are directed to crisis incidents, and that the NYPD analyze data regarding mental-health crisis incidents.

In both cases the NYPD accepted the recommendations in principle, and the IG requested a “concrete timeline” for specific reforms within 90 days.

Five years later, both recommendations remain only “partially implemented.” Between the release of the report and this week, 12 more individuals in the midst of mental-health crises have been killed by police.

The NYPD says an upgrade to the 911 system that’s currently underway “may make it possible in the future to direct calls concerning people in crisis to officers trained in CIT,” but the system doesn’t currently allow that according to a DOI report released last year. 

Testing the necessary new features in the dispatch system will likely not happen until late 2024. The NYPD IG plans to “monitor this issue until NYPD trains all of its uniformed officers in CIT” or until the 911 system is able to steer calls directly to trained officers. 

As for analyzing mental health crisis data, the NYPD says it reviews 911 call details and incident reports and monitors Co-Response Units, which team up cops with social workers to handle situations outside of the 911 system, as well as the activity of no-cop BHEARD teams of EMTs and social workers that handle 911 mental-health calls in a handful of precincts.

The NYPD IG plans to monitor the issue “until the Department demonstrates that information related to interactions with individuals in crisis has been analyzed and considered for the purposes of policy development,” according to DOI’s 2021 report.

One exception to the NYPD’s pattern of disregarding or delaying implementation of the IG’s recommendations is the department’s response to the inspector general’s report released Dec. 18, 2020, critiquing the department’s sometimes violent response to the police misconduct protests of that summer that roiled the streets across the city.

As of last month, the NYPD had accepted all 22 recommendations and has already fully implemented 14 of them. All the rest are currently in the process of being adopted as well, according to the NYPD.

Strauber, who was appointed by Adams in February, acknowledged to THE CITY, “There have been some communication issues between this office and the PD.” But she says she has worked to improve communications with the NYPD and has an open line with the deputy commissioner for legal affairs, the NYPD’s top lawyer.

She says she is focused on improving the NYPD’s implementation rate but she also notes that the inspector general’s efforts go beyond whether the NYPD accepts or rejects the IG’s recommendations.

She noted the NYPD’s rejection of the IG’s recommendations on the issue of biased policing, but said that despite that, the IG’s report inspired legislation that forced the department to confront the issue.

“The recommendations have a force that goes beyond whether they are implemented,” she said.

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Individuals Charged with Labor Racketeering in the Port of San Juan | USAO-PR




SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico – On August 11, 2022, a federal grand jury in the District of Puerto Rico returned an indictment charging 7 defendants with running a criminal enterprise dedicated to extorting and misleading shipping companies into paying fees for the loading and unloading of cargo at the Port of San Juan—Piers 9, 10, and 11—under the threat of strikes and blockades on the part of union members of the ILA-1740 of the International Longshoremen’s Association, AFL-CIO (“ILA”) and under false representations that companies had to pay a fee in order to be able to use “union-free labor” for the loading and unloading of cargo, announced W. Stephen Muldrow, United States Attorney for the District of Puerto Rico. The indictment includes a forfeiture allegation related to the total value of the loss, approximately $1,184,524.26, and one residential property, a vehicle, and a boat. 

Pursuant to the indictment, Pedro Pastrana-González and his ex-wife, Iara Clemente-Rivera, owners and managers of JCPY, Inc. (JCPY), aided by a public employee and Puerto Rico Port Authority worker, Jorge Batista-Maldonado and Carlos Sánchez-Ortiz, the president of the union ILA-1740, are charged with running the fraudulent and extortionate scheme against shipping companies using Piers 9, 10, and 11. Members of the enterprise took some of the money made from the scheme and concealed it in JCPY and as payments to ILA-1740’s employee benefit plan called Plan de Bienestar UTM-PRSSA (the “Plan”).

Pastrana-González, Clemente-Rivera, Victor F. Torres-Barroso, José A. Fernández-Cruz, and Carlos A. Hernández-Laguer are also charged in the indictment for their participation in an agreement to take funds and falsify records of the Plan. Pastrana-González and Clemente-Rivera agreed that Torres-Barroso, Fernández-Cruz, and Hernández-Laguer—members of ILA-1740 who worked in a company that provides stevedoring services (longshore work) — would do “chimbos” for Clemente-Rivera. “Chimbo” is slang for a person who uses the union card of another individual when working at the docks so that it appears that the union member is working. Because it appeared that the person on the union card (Clemente-Rivera) was working, the hours worked were fraudulently counted for Clemente-Rivera’s yearly-hour requirement to qualify for Plan benefits.

The defendants are charged with the following counts:

  • Pedro Pastrana-González, Counts 1-7;  
  • Iara Clemente-Rivera, Counts 1-7;
  • Carlos Sánchez-Ortiz, Counts 1-5;
  • Jorge Batista-Maldonado, Counts 1-3;
  • Victor F. Torres-Barroso, Counts 6 and 7;
  • José A. Fernández-Cruz, Counts 6 and 7; and
  • Carlos A. Hernández-Laguer, Counts 6 and 7.
  1. Count One of the indictment charges a RICO conspiracy in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1962(d), which subjects the defendants to a term of imprisonment of up to 20 years;
  2. Count Two charges a Hobbs Act extortion conspiracy in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1951, which subjects the defendants to a term of imprisonment of up to 20 years;
  3. Count Three charges a conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1349, which subjects the defendants to a term of imprisonment of up to 20 years;
  4. Count Four charges a conspiracy to violate the Taft-Hartley Act (labor management relations) in violation of 29 U.S.C. § 186, all in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 371, which subjects the defendants to a term of imprisonment of up to 5 years;
  5. Count Five charges a money laundering conspiracy in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1956(h), which subjects the defendants to a term of imprisonment of up to 20 years;
  6. Count Six charges a conspiracy to willfully convert funds and falsify records of the Plan in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 664 and 18 U.S.C. § 1027, all in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 371, which subjects the defendants to a term of imprisonment of up to 5 years; and
  7. Count Seven charges health care fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1347, which subjects the defendants to a term of imprisonment of up to 10 years.

“These arrests are the result of a comprehensive investigation that now will put a stop to the illegal fees that the defendants were charging the shipping companies at Piers 9, 10 and 11,” said W. Stephen Muldrow, U.S. Attorney for the District of Puerto Rico. “I want to congratulate the attorneys and agents from all of these agencies who worked diligently to uncover this years-long scheme.”

“Schemes such as the one uncovered and charged in this indictment, negatively impact local economy and stalls the economic progress the people of Puerto Rico deserve,” said Joseph González, Special Agent in Charge of the FBI San Juan Field Office. “This scheme was sustained by silence, and I hope the work we’ve done here with our partners, serves as a motivation for those with information, to speak up.

“An important part of the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Inspector General (DOL-OIG) mission is to protect the integrity of labor unions and affiliated benefit plans by investigating those who allegedly abuse their positions of trust for personal financial gain. The OIG would like to thank our partners for their assistance in this complex and large-scale investigation,” stated Jonathan Mellone, Special Agent-in-Charge, New York Region, U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Inspector General.

“Today’s indictment includes allegations of corruption against a union president as well as several union members.  OLMS will continue to work with its law enforcement partners to hold accountable union officials, who hold positions of trust, as well as others who may seek personal gain through illegal activities, taking advantage of the union and the hardworking rank and file workers who the union represents,” said Megan Underwood, Northeastern Regional Director of the Office of Labor-Management Standards (OLMS).  “OLMS thanks the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District of Puerto Rico and all of the partner agencies for their dedication to this case.”

“These fraudulent actions resulted in people improperly receiving benefits they were not eligible for, hurting thousands of Puerto Ricans who worked tirelessly to earn those benefits honestly and legally,” said Ali Khawar, Acting Assistant Secretary of Labor, Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA). “When anyone commits a crime involving an employee benefit plan, EBSA will make sure they are brought to justice.”

“The U.S. Postal Inspection Service will continue to work alongside our law enforcement partners to disrupt and dismantle criminal organizations who seek to exploit legitimate business and individuals for financial gain. Today’s arrests will not only bring a sense of justice to the victims but will also help increase awareness on these type of fraudulent schemes,” said Juan A. Vargas, Acting Inspector in Charge, U.S. Postal Inspector, Miami Division.

The FBI is in charge of the investigation, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Labor—Office of Inspector General, U.S. Department of Labor—Employee Benefits Security Administration, U.S. Department of Labor—Office of Labor-Management Standards, the U.S. Postal Inspection Service. Assistance was also provided by the San Juan Municipal Police, the Carolina Municipal Police, the Puerto Rico Police Bureau, and the Puerto Rico Ports Authority.

The investigation was carried out in consultation with attorneys of the Organized Crime and Gang Section of the U.S. Department of Justice. 

Assistant U.S. Attorney Victor O. Acevedo-Hernández is prosecuting the case.

An indictment is merely an allegation and all defendants are presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a court of law.


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Michael Cox sworn in as Boston police commissioner | Ap




BOSTON (AP) — Michael Cox, a Boston police veteran who was brutally beaten by fellow officers while chasing a suspect and fought against efforts to cover up his assault, was sworn in Monday as commissioner of the police department.

After taking the oath during a ceremony at City Hall Plaza, Cox thanked his family and friends who supported him through the incident that he said changed his life forever but does not define him.

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Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

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Tickets For Opera Carolina’s 73rd Season Are Now On Sale




Tickets For Opera Carolina's 73rd Season Are Now On Sale

Tickets for Opera Carolina’s 2022/23 season are now on sale to the public. This season will explore iconic women in opera and focus on the power of opera by emphasizing HERstory. The season will open in October with Puccini’s Tosca, continued in January 2023 with Porgy & Bess, and will conclude in April with Verdi’s La traviata. All performances will be held at the Belk Theater.

“Our upcoming season features three fan-favorite operas performed in the classic tradition,” said James Meena, Opera Carolina’s Artistic Director. “Each of these iconic operas features a strong, richly imagined female lead in moving, true to life dramas that are paired with the world’s most famous music. Whether you’re new to opera or a seasoned fan, you will not want to miss this exciting season.”

The Opera Carolina lineup for the 2022/23 HERstory season includes:

Puccini’s Tosca, set over the course of an intense 24-hour period in Rome, sees the main characters – Floria Tosca, Rome’s diva; her lover, Mario; and the corrupt chief of police, Baron Scarpia – all meet tragic fates in the name of love, betrayal, and corruption. October 13, 15, and 16, 2022.

Tosca will be performed by American soprano Alyson Cambridge, who portrayed Coretta in last season’s I Dream. Miss Cambridge has nearly two decades of success on the world’s leading opera and concert stages, including The Metropolitan Opera, Carnegie Hall, Washington National Opera at The Kennedy Center, and the Lyric Opera of Chicago.

Mario will be performed by baritone John Viscardi. A New York native and graduate of the Academy of Vocal Arts (AVA), Mr. Viscardi is a rising talent acknowledged for his diverse vocal repertoire singing both baritone and tenor roles.

Baron Scarpia will be performed by baritone Steven Condy. Mr. Condy holds a Bachelor of Music degree from the University of Hartford and a Master of Music degree from Yale University’s School of Music.

In January, audiences will be transported to Charleston’s Catfish Row with the Gershwins’ Porgy & Bess. Sultry Bess becomes the object of desire of Porgy, a disabled man who loves her despite her past. Will Bess accept Porgy’s love, or will she succumb to her past? Jan. 22, 26, and 28, 2023.

Porgy will be performed by Grammy-Award-winning baritone Kenneth Overton, who portrayed Ralph in Opera Carolina’s 2021 performance of Douglas Tappin’s I Dream.

Bess will be performed by soprano Nicole Cabell. Ms. Campbell is the 2005 Winner of the BBC Singer of the World Competition and holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Vocal Performance from the Eastman School of Music.

Sportin’ Life will be performed by tenor Victor Ryan Robertson. Mr. Robertson performed the role of Hosea in Opera Carolina’s 2021 performance of Douglas Tappin’s I Dream.

Verdi’s La traviata is the tragic love story of the courtesan Violetta and the romantic Alfredo. Will Alfredo and Violetta’s love survive the hypocrisy of society’s false morality? This treasured masterpiece inspired two movie hits: Moulin Rouge and Pretty Woman. April 20, 22, and 23, 2023.

Violetta will be performed by soprano, and North Carolina native, Melinda Whittington. Miss Whittington holds a Master of Music degree from the University of North Carolina Greensboro and a Bachelor of Music from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Alfredo will be performed by tenor Dominic Armstrong, who is a Metropolitan Opera National Council finalist and winner of the George London Competition.

Season ticket sales begin today! Please visit to purchase tickets and for additional information about Opera Carolina and all performances for the upcoming season.

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