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As far as North Carolina is concerned, David Shor is probably right

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There’s a debate raging on social media this weekend about the direction of the Democratic Party. It started with an article written by Ezra Klein about a young data analyst name David Shor. Shor has been arguing that Democrats are heading for a long-term disaster if they don’t refocus their message onto more bread-and-butter issues and talk less about social justice issues. The activist wing of the party disagrees vehemently, but I think Shor is largely right. 

My focus is mainly North Carolina when it comes to electoral politics, and here, the national message has clearly not worked. While the state narrowly elected and re-elected a moderate governor,  Democrats have lost three straight U.S. Senate races and presidential contests. They lost a majority of council of state seats and haven’t had control of the legislature since 2010.

In 2020, Democrats counted on a motivated electorate and a high turnout. It didn’t work. While turnout was the highest it’s been in decades, it cut both ways. The Democratic base showed up, but the Republican base grew by even larger margins. The Democrats showed up to oppose Trump, but the Republicans showed up to oppose Democrats, not to defend Trump. 

Overall turnout in North Carolina in 2020 was 75%, higher than at any time in recent memory and possibly ever. Among Democrats, it was also 75%, but among Republicans, turnout was 82%. Republicans overperformed, making up 33% of the overall electorate but only 30% of the registered voters. Unaffiliated voters, the fastest growing registration category, underperformed by about the same amount, while Democrats’ turnout was on par with their registration.

The Democratic coalition is not strong enough to win statewide on any consistent basis. It’s made up of mainly younger, educated, urban voters and African Americans from across the state. In 2020, turnout among voters 40 and under was less than 65% while turnout for voters over 40 was more than 82%, an almost 20 point spread. 

In addition, African American voters underperformed, making up about 19% of the 2020 electorate while making up 21% of the registered voters. Their turnout rate was 68%, higher than 2016, but still below the electorate as a whole. Those Black voters who didn’t vote still made a choice—not to show up at all. I believe they are voters alienated by both parties. 

Democrats have long taken Black voters for granted, assuming that they embrace the Democratic agenda. In fact, many African Americans, especially those who are working class and living in rural areas, are more socially conservative than the Democrats as a whole. Many are evangelical Christians and gun owners. They may be disturbed and angry by police shootings, but they don’t reject the institution of policing as a whole. 

Many blue collar and older African Americans live in higher crime areas and depend on police and deputies for protection. And many also see law enforcement as a career that provides job security and a middle class lifestyle without a four-year college degree. They might want police and criminal justice reform, but they don’t want to defund the police. 

Finally, working class African Americans are concerned about immigration. I’m reminded of my conversation in the months leading up to the 2016 election with a Black man in his 60s who had a lawn business. He didn’t like Donald Trump, but he liked his “one good idea.” He mentioned it several times. Finally, I asked “What good idea?” He looked at me incredulously and said, “The wall.” I realized that Hispanic immigrants were now caring for a lot of yards that he probably once tended. 

A lot of those more conservative African Americans might not trust Republicans to provide them a better life, but they aren’t embracing the Democratic message that focuses more on social concerns than economic security and public safety.

I would argue that 2020 was the high water mark for voting, driven primarily by revulsion of Trump by progressives and rejection of Democratic activists by conservatives and moderates. I suspect GOP turnout was more fear of what they perceived as the Democratic agenda than support for Trump. They saw the protests over George Floyd rage all summer and they believe Democrats accommodated violence and property destruction while activists called for defunding the police with few other concrete demands. They heard calls for gun control but not riot control. 

On the border, they might not have liked Trump’s kids in cages, but at least he was doing something. Democrats, they believed, would take us back to a status quo with immigrants spilling over our borders, leaving us less safe and giving needed jobs to non-citizens. Republicans’ warnings of open borders rang true. 

To a lot of working class voters of all colors and nationalities, Democrats were wrong on the issues most important to them. Voters tend to be self-interested. Like it or not, they pay less attention to the rights of others than they do the well-being of their families. They may have thought the shooting of George Floyd was a horrific injustice, but they saw stores vandalized in cities they frequented. They were more concerned about their own safety and convenience than the broader issues about policing that animated much of the Democratic base. It wasn’t defund the police per se that turned them off, it was the lack of a Democratic response to what they believed was lawlessness. 

Democrats have a branding problem with too many moderate voters. Trump had a favorability rating of less than 40% for much of his presidency and yet he ran competitively with Biden, especially in swing states. That tells us that a significant part of the electorate was more fearful of Democrats governing than Trump’s corruption and bluster. And a lot of those people voted for Barack Obama in 2008 and/or 2012. 

We still see the Democrats’ problem today. While people overwhelmingly support many of the components of Biden’s Build Back Better plan, most don’t know what is in the bill. Democrats have failed to sell the country on the meat-and-potatoes legislation that might start to rebrand them in the minds of swing voters. 

And there are swing voters. While they may make up a small portion of the modern electorate, they still matter in states where elections are regularly decided by less than one percent. They tend to be more moderate in that they pay less attention to the issues in the election than they do about their own circumstances. They are also lower information voters who may be more easily influenced by their neighbors than by advertising. Democrats need to win a majority of those voters to be successful in North Carolina. 

Democrats should certainly continue to register and motivate voters, but the greatest driver of turnout is the national political environment, not GOTV. They cannot win in a state like North Carolina if the perception among less engaged voters is that Democrats are more of a protest movement than political party. That’s a branding problem. 

Democrats need to focus on the economic problems facing too many people. They can provide better health care, higher wages, and better jobs. They can make colleges and universities more affordable and improve K-12 education. If they can convince voters that’s who they are, then they might win enough elections to push through a more progressive social justice agenda. Otherwise, they should probably learn to be satisfied with large protests on the Mall.  




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North America

Biometric System Market Worth $51.6 Billion by 2029

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Meticulous Market Research Pvt. Ltd.

Meticulous Market Research Pvt. Ltd.

Biometric System Market by Offering, Biometrics Type (Fingerprint Recognition, Voice Recognition), Contact Type, Authentication Type, Platform, Application, End User (Government, Military & Law Enforcement, and Other End Users) – Global Forecast to 2029

Redding, California, July 04, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — According to a new market research report titled, Biometric System Market by Offering, Biometrics Type (Fingerprint Recognition, Voice Recognition), Contact Type, Authentication Type, Platform, Application, End User (Government, Military & Law Enforcement, and Others)– Global Forecast to 2029”, the global biometric system market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 12.4% from 2022 to 2029 to reach USD 51.6 billion by 2029.

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https://www.meticulousresearch.com/download-sample-report/cp_id=5309

Biometrics refers to the measurement and statistical analysis of an individual’s unique physical and behavioral characteristics. It is mainly used for identification and access control or for identifying individuals who are under surveillance. It is a widely adopted technology for perceiving identity thefts, unauthorized access, or documentary fraud.

Several industries and organizations, including government, BFSI, military, and healthcare, are deploying this technology on a considerable scale. Growing demand for mobile biometrics devices, rising government initiatives for biometrics technology, increasing use of biometric technology in consumer electronics for authentication and identification applications, and growing need for security measures are the key factors driving the growth of the biometric systems market. However, the substantial costs associated with biometric systems and misconceptions and lack of knowledge pertaining to biometric systems are notable restraints affecting the growth of this market.

Impact of COVID-19 on the Biometric System Market

The COVID-19 pandemic adversely impacted the global economy. Nationwide lockdowns and social distancing norms were imposed across several countries, negatively affecting multiple industries, including the biometrics industry. Uncertainty regarding the duration of the lockdowns made it difficult for the key market players to anticipate the recovery of the biometric systems market. Numerous biometrics providers were under immense pressure across various fronts due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Speak to our Analysts to Understand the Impact of COVID-19 on Your Business: https://www.meticulousresearch.com/speak-to-analyst/cp_id=5309

However, economies are shifting their focus from responding to the pandemic to economic recovery, and hence, various growth opportunities are expected to emerge for the biometric systems market players due to the growing demand for biometric technology-based surveillance and security solutions and the rising need for contactless biometric systems.

Government and private sector organizations started undertaking initiatives to keep people safe and combat the spread of COVID-19. Contactless biometrics systems emerged as vital solutions as social distancing became a new norm globally. Biometrics technology companies viewed this crisis as a new opportunity to restructure and revisit existing strategies and product portfolios. The current scenario has created tremendous demand for biometric technologies in the healthcare sector due to their capacity to be easily integrated with various healthcare devices & platforms to enhance patient safety and support staff & patient workflows. Increased investments in the healthcare sector have also contributed to the growing demand for biometric technologies. Organizations in the BFSI sector were also focused on running essential business operations during the pandemic, which helped biometric companies bring revenues back on track.

The global biometric system market study presents historical market data in terms of value and volume (2020 and 2021), estimated current data (2022), and forecasts for 2029. The market is segmented based on offering (hardware and software), biometric type, (fingerprint recognition, face recognition, voice recognition, iris recognition, signature recognition, vein recognition, palm print recognition, and other biometrics types), authentication type (single-factor authentication and multi-factor authentication), contact type (contact-based and contactless, hybrid), platform (on-site, mobile devices, PC’s, & wearable devices), application (digital identification, access control & authentication, security & surveillance, and other application), end user (IT & telecom, government, finance & insurance, retail, military & law enforcement, healthcare, recreation, education, transportation/warehousing, and other end users), and geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa). The study also evaluates industry competitors and analyses the market at a country level.

Based on offering, the hardware segment is expected to account for the largest share of the biometric system market in 2022. The large share of this segment is mainly attributed to the growing demand for mobile biometrics devices and the increasing focus on hardware-centric security capabilities. In addition, the benefits associated with biometrics hardware, such as accurate identification, high performance, accountability, reliability, and high security & assurance, further augment the growth of this segment. Several providers are investing in R&D to improve the hardware capabilities and make them more affordable for small and medium-scale enterprises.

Based on authentication type, the single-factor authentication segment is expected to account for the largest share of the biometric systems market in 2022. The large share of this segment is mainly attributed to the growing volume of online transactions, the rising need to prevent fraudulent activities, and the growing significance of single-factor authentication in the telecom sector. However, the multi-factor authentication segment is expected to record the fastest growth over the forecast period. The growing adoption of BYOD, rising cyber security incidents and identity thefts, and high demand for cloud-based MFA solutions and services are expected to support the growth of this segment.

Based on contact type, the contact-based segment is expected to account for a larger share of the biometric system market. The large market share of this segment is mainly attributed to the rising demand for advanced access control solutions, increasing usage of smartphones, and the rising need for easy & swift biometric security in smartphones. However, the contactless segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. The rising security concerns and hygiene issues among users due to touch-based systems are driving the faster growth of this segment. Also, the growing adoption of face recognition in the public and commercial sector, strong government initiatives, and the increasing adoption of contactless biometrics technology post the pandemic are expected to support the growth of this segment.

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Based on application, the digital identification segment is expected to account for the largest share of the biometric systems market in 2022. The large share of this segment is mainly attributed to the rise in identity and authentication frauds, integration of biometrics in smartphones, growing focus on enhancing end-to-end customer experience, and growing adoption of cloud-based digital identity solutions.

Geographically, the Asia-Pacific region is expected to account for the largest share of the global biometric systems market in 2022. The presence of prominent players offering advanced biometrics solutions to various sectors in the region is one of the major factors driving the growth of this regional segment. For instance, in 2022, the Ministry of Public Security (MOPS), a public agency under the Government of Vietnam, selected NEC’s Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) to upgrade Vietnam’s existing national ID system with the latest in biometric technologies. Hence, favorable government initiatives across the region and investments by major biometrics companies are further accelerating the growth of this regional segment.

Besides, the infrastructural growth in APAC, especially in China, South Korea, Australia, Singapore, Japan, and India, and growing digital transformation and rising trends of e-commerce and virtual payment create huge opportunities for the biometric systems market. Also, the Asia-Pacific region is projected to register the highest CAGR during the forecast period.

The report also includes an extensive assessment of the key strategic developments adopted by the leading market participants in the industry over the past four years (2019–2022). The biometric systems market has witnessed a number of product launches in recent years. For instance, in 2021, HID Global introduced its HID Signo Biometric Reader 25B, designed to capture and read fingerprints in real-world applications and conditions. Similarly, in 2020, Suprema, Inc. (South Korea) introduced its FaceStation F2 Fusion Multimodal Terminal. It delivers exceptional authentication accuracy and anti-spoofing performance by the fusion of visual and infrared face recognition technology.

The key players operating in the biometric system market are NEC Corporation (Japan), CardLogix Corporation (U.S.), Fujitsu Limited (Japan), Thales Group (France), Integrated Biometrics LLC (U.S.), Iris ID, Inc. (U.S.), Suprema, Inc. (South Korea), HID Global Corporation (U.S.), Precise Biometrics (Sweden), Aware, Inc. (U.S.), Daon, Inc. (U.S.), M2SYS Technology (U.S.), BIO-key International (U.S.), Cognitec Systems GmbH (Germany), BioRugged (South Africa), DERMALOG Identification Systems GmbH (Germany), IDEMIA (France), and ImageWare Systems, Inc. (U.S.).

To gain more insights into the market with a detailed table of content and figures, click here: https://www.meticulousresearch.com/product/biometric-system-market-5309

Scope of the Report

Biometric System Market, by Offering                                         

Biometric System Market, by Biometric Type

Biometric System Market, by Authentication Type

Biometric System Market, by Contact Type

  • Contact-based

  • Contactless

  • Hybrid

Biometric System Market, by Platform

  • On-site

  • PC

  • Mobile Devices

  • Wearable Devices

Biometric System Market, by Application

Biometric System Market, by End User                         

  • Information Technology & Telecom

  • Government

  • Retail

  • Finance & Insurance

  • Healthcare

  • Military /Law Enforcement

  • Recreation

  • Education

  • Transportation & Warehousing

  • Other End Users (Hotel & Food Services and Constructions)

Biometric System Market, by Region

  • North America

  • Europe

      • U.K.

      • Germany

      • France

      • Italy

      • Spain

      • Rest of Europe

  • Asia-Pacific

      • China

      • Japan

      • India

      • South Korea

      • Singapore

      • Vietnam

      • Indonesia

      • Rest of Asia-Pacific

  • Latin America

      • Brazil

      • Mexico

      • Rest of Latin America

  • Middle East & Africa

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About Meticulous Research®

Meticulous Research® was founded in 2010 and incorporated as Meticulous Market Research Pvt. Ltd. in 2013 as a private limited company under the Companies Act, 1956. Since its incorporation, the company has become the leading provider of premium market intelligence in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.

The name of our company defines our services, strengths, and values. Since the inception, we have only thrived to research, analyze, and present the critical market data with great attention to details. With the meticulous primary and secondary research techniques, we have built strong capabilities in data collection, interpretation, and analysis of data including qualitative and quantitative research with the finest team of analysts. We design our meticulously analyzed intelligent and value-driven syndicate market research reports, custom studies, quick turnaround research, and consulting solutions to address business challenges of sustainable growth.

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How Corrupt is Pakistan’s Police?

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The integrity of Pakistan’s police force has been questioned for decades for its unruly actions and unethical behaviour.

Pakistani dramas were one of the first mediums to bring the country’s police corruption to light. However, it seems this is far from fiction.

Corruption can be seen in many avenues of the policing system. From police officers accepting bribes to inadequate handling of crimes, and even ignoring certain wrongdoings.

It’s no secret that exploitation runs through Pakistan’s politics. Though, this also filters its way into the justice system. Pakistan’s elitist population and politicians tend to be protected from prosecution.

Additionally, there have also been clear human rights abuses with acts of interrogation and staged encounter killings.

DESIblitz investigates the various ways Pakistan’s unethical policing system is failing to achieve integrity and justice for many of its people.

Accepting Bribes

How Corrupt is Pakistan's Police? - IA 1

Bribery is one of the more commonly known forms of corruption within Pakistan’s police force.

Whilst bribes aren’t legally or morally appropriate to accept, an officer will rarely turn down an offer.

Bribes can include money and gifts. Sometimes such gratuities can create blurred lines and confusion, with officers feeling conflicted.

Are bribes a simple act of generosity or are they an attempt to sway an ‘honest’ officer to change the outcome of a case?

The policing organisation in Pakistan remains underfunded, with stations lacking adequate provisions. This naturally means that officers don’t make a glamourous salary.

In turn, this means an offer for much-needed extra cash is very tempting, and sadly out of desperation, many officers take the bait.

In September 2019, DAWN reported that two Karachi policemen were arrested for extorting money and receiving bribes from citizens.

The incident only came to light because of a video that went viral on social media. Unfortunately, not all corrupt police are caught in this manner.

A comment left on the reporting by Azam Akbar stated:

“This is the common character of the police officials in Pakistan.”

In contrast, officers can sometimes be blackmailed. Perhaps they have committed a criminal act, or maybe the blackmailer is simply taking advantage of some leverage they have.

A sense of powerlessness can lead many to give in to such blackmailing and do as they are instructed or face worse punishment.

The bottom line is that bribes are generally accepted out of a place of helplessness. Police officers have low wages, which can give them less of an incentive to uphold justice and honour their roles.

Although, this still does not stop some officials who abuse their power.

Unregistered FIR’s

How Corrupt is Pakistan's Police? - IA 2

An FIR is a First Investigation Report, which allows individuals to report crimes to the police which will be recorded. Traditionally, you would expect all FIR’s to be registered, but many are not.

FIR’s need to be taken for them to be investigated. This is governed by section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of Pakistan (CrPC).

Alarmingly, many are not recorded for a variety of reasons, such as:

  • Being ignored as they are part of a vulnerable group like women, ethnic/religious minorities, and the poor. This makes them reluctant to come forward.
  • They can be bribed and blackmailed by wealthy or important individuals, who may want to protect themselves.
  • They face pressure from political officials to carry out law enforcement in a way that suits and protects their image.
  • Registering a crime may mean, in some instances, that police are implicating themselves.

Women who come forth with rape accusations in Pakistan tend to be held responsible because of a toxic culture of victim-blaming. This can be a reason why their accusations are not always registered.

A report by Human Rights Watch (HRW) found that in 2014, a woman alleged that she was raped by a powerful local landowner in the Umerkot district.

However, the police took delays in registering the compliant, which hindered the progress of the investigation. In fact, the family was accused of falsifying the complaint.

The reason for why justice was not served is pinned to two facts in the case; a woman alleged rape and the individual in question was wealthy and powerful.

The combination of such lethal prejudice and corruption throughout the land is a tragedy. It often means that criminals will escape punishment because women are unfairly held accountable.

In this instance, the individual’s riches and power was an added bonus.

Moreover, in April 2017, Amnesty International reported that there were enforced disappearances in Pakistan, with activists abruptly going missing.

Activists pose a threat to political corruption and other human rights abuses in Pakistan that tend to be orchestrated by powerful individuals. This can be the reason for these ‘enforced disappearances’.

Hidayatullah Lohar, an activist and schoolteacher in Sindh, forcibly disappeared from his school on April 17, 2017.

He was taken in a grey vehicle by police officials, and his whereabouts remain undisclosed.

Witnesses were present at the scene, but to have a registered FIR, the family had to petition at Larkana High Court.

Hidayatullah Lohar is one of many ‘missing persons’ cases and is yet to be found.

In September 2020, the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances published a briefing paper.

The group revealed that they have recorded 1144 cases of enforced disappearances in Pakistan between 1980 and 2019, with 731 people still missing.

Although this staggering figure is unjust, it barely tells the whole story. As FIR’s are inconsistently documented, the true number of disappearances is left to the imagination.

Protecting Public Officials

How Corrupt is Pakistan's Police? - IA 3

Pakistan’s government and the political state have strong elements of corrupt officials, with the police aiding them.

Police forces are under constant pressure from politicians and local elites to serve them.

This can sometimes mean concealing the criminal acts of such individuals to protect their image and status.

The police may also get rid of any opposition or threats to campaigns. This can be done in a variety of ways including:

  • Arresting and detaining potential opponents; sometimes using false charges as an intimidation technique.
  • Fake encounter killings.
  • Enforced disappearances.
  • Torturing suspects and coercing bribes.

In their study titled Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice (2020), Nadeem Malik and Tariq Abbas Qureshi spoke to a political analyst who said:

“In Pakistan, the police station is the axis institution around which the politics of the country revolve, and ‘the worth of a politician in his/her constituency is judged in terms of his ability to influence the police’.”

The government also uses the police to crush public protests that display discontent with the government itself or its policies.

Police find that this is common in Karachi, where they are under constant pressure to eliminate threats.

An example of this was the 2014 protests by teachers in Karachi regarding low salaries.

Since 2012, teachers had been unpaid for carrying out their duties. The issue remained unsolved as further protests arose in 2017.

In such instances, protestors have claimed that the police used excessive and/or unnecessary force and that they frame protestors with false charges.

Pakistan’s politicians are keen to ward off any threats, but doing so with such abysmal techniques are damaging to society.

Interrogation and Torture

How Corrupt is Pakistan's Police? - IA 4

Torture and interrogation are sadly common practices in Pakistan police stations, where officers may beat confessions out of people. Scarily, custodial deaths can also occur due to such extreme torture.

The various forms of torture according to HRW include:

  • Custodial beatings.
  • Sexual violence.
  • Prolonged sleep deprivation.
  • Mental torture, where detainees are forced to watch others get tortured.

Police officers attempted to justify such extreme forms by telling HRW:

“How do you expect us to recover stolen property from hardened criminals? Do you think they will agree if we say, ‘be nice to us and return what you stole?’”

These tactics can also be used to obtain confessions. However, the likelihood is that many innocent people who have not committed a crime will confess simply because of how painful the torment is.

Torture can also be used to scare off opposition or threats to politicians and rich landowners. It seems that the police work on financial motives, as opposed to their expected role of achieving justice.

HRW reported that in June 2015, a person named Akhtar Ali died as a result of police torture.

His wife, Riffat Naz, revealed when she last saw Akhtar alive at the hospital:

” [I] Found him in a coma, with a broken skull, there was no hair on the back of his head, his nose was broken and there were scars on his face.”

Despite the police denying such allegations, an officer came forth to offer compensation for his death. Although, compensation will never be enough as it will never bring Riffat’s husband back.

Additionally, mentally challenged Salahuddin Ayubi was tortured to death in police custody in 2019.

Even though Ayubi was correctly arrested due to breaking into an ATM, the immediate aftermath of the incident emphasised the agenda of the police.

The police denied any wrongdoing, saying Ayubi was acting “mad”, but maintained he died naturally. Though, Ayubi’s 60-year-old father, Muhammad Afzaal, declared:

“They brutally murdered my son. I saw the torture marks on my son’s body. His right arm was burnt, either with hot water or electric shocks. There were bruises on his entire body.”

This illustrates the extreme nature of these cases and despite these reports, there has been little to no progress in changing the justice system.

Staged Encounters

How Corrupt is Pakistan's Police? - IA 5

Encounter killings occur when suspected criminals are shot and killed after resisting arrest or attacking officers. In such events, the police are not sanctioned with the judicial process.

This is because they are seen to be carrying out their ‘duty’ as law enforcers and protectors of the community. Are they really carrying out their duty?

According to The Guardian, police officers in Pakistan are responsible for hundreds of ‘fake’ encounter killings per year.

Such killings are blamed on resistance or violence to officers, but this is just a cover-up.

In addition, these killings are carried out due to pressure from those higher in command or local elites and politicians. This is also the case when there is not enough evidence for a conviction.

The Pakistan police escape sanctions and the families of those killed rarely file complaints as they risk being ignored or falsely accused.

This causes difficulties in fighting such corruption in Pakistan.

Furthermore, in April 2014, Bilal Khan was unfairly arrested for political reasons in Lahore. His father, Zubaidullah, begged the police to release Bilal but was shunned and thrown out.

Zubaidullah received a call from the Pakistan police later that night informing him that Bilal was killed whilst trying to escape. However, the distraught father asserted:

“I went to the place he was murdered, along with people from my son’s office.

“Several people witnessed the murder of my son. [They said] the police handcuffed and blindfolded my son, then took him out of the car and shot him dead on the roadside.

“The police have registered the case as a self-defence killing, naming my son as a criminal.”

The anguish and pain felt by these communities are unbearable. This is heightened because lives are taken by those sworn to protect it.

Countless people have been lost in both encountered killings and those, which are staged.

Undeniably, many of those lost were innocent, but will justice ever be served for them? Sadly, it’s unlikely.

The other famous staged encounter allegedly involved retired Senior Superintendent (SSP) Rao Anwar for the murder of Naqeebullah Mehsud.

Notorious for many fake police encounters, he has been blacklisted by the United States Department for the Treasury.

Police in Pakistan are Underfunded

How Corrupt is Pakistan's Police? - IA 6

The state fails to provide the police force with an adequate amount of backing to support their work. This leads them ironically in turning to illicit means for funding their roles in tackling crime.

Officers also receive low wages, which gives them more of an incentive to accept bribes as opposed to conducting their business justly.

Whilst conducting their study, Nadeem Malik and Tariq Abbas Qureshi spoke to a junior officer who claimed:

“I have the responsibility to feed my family and my brother’s family, which includes my six children and his wife, along with the three children and wife of my deceased brother.

“My conscience, as well as the fear of being stigmatised by my extended family for not supporting my late brother’s family, forces me to take care of them too.

“In the absence of adequate salary and social services available to me, I have no choice but to earn money from illegal means.”

Low resources also impact the police forces’ ability to carry out its job efficiently.

This is because many stations struggle to afford suitable equipment.

A lack of forensic facilities and training means that the Pakistan police are forced to rely on witness evidence, rather than scientific evidence.

Although, witness evidence might not be the most credible option.

This inability to obtain scientific proof has meant that junior officers resort to violent interrogations for getting clues.

Even so, is this evidence reliable? More importantly, was it obtained ethically?

Furthermore, there is a lack of manpower due to the excessive burden of VIP escorts. It seems that Pakistan’s police work to serve politicians and elites, instead of the general public.

Can Pakistan End its Police Corruption?

How Corrupt are Pakistan's Police

Since Pakistan achieved its independence in 1947, there have been numerous reports on how Pakistan can end corruption within its police force.

However, such recommendations are either rarely or weakly implemented.

First and foremost, the police need increased funding, or else there is no hope for them to carry their business efficiently.

Secondly, it is imperative that they discipline fairly and justly, and avoid bribery and/or abusive means of obtaining coerced confessions.

Possibly, the most difficult issue to solve is the political influence on the police force.

This is a deep-rooted problem that will need meticulous attention to combat.

Pakistan’s journey in creating a fairer judicial system will not be easy, as there is well-established exploitation throughout Pakistan’s society.

Perhaps the journey begins in a different approach, which firstly seeks to tackle corruption in both culture and society.

Having said that, the motorway police are in comparison are quite good.

Despite, the Imran Khan-led party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) introducing good police reforms both in opposition and power, there is a lot more to do.




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North America

City police calls – July 4

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EDITOR’S NOTE: The following information was summarized from the records of city, county and state police, fire and hospital agencies.

Arrests

Thursday

Cathy E. Ford, 54, of North Vernon, Morgan County warrant, 8:26 p.m., by the Bartholomew County Sheriff’s Department, held with no bond, transferred to other jail.

Kyle L. Tews, 30, of 8855 S. County Road 300W, Columbus, Bartholomew County warrant, 10:44 p.m., by the Columbus Police Department, held in lieu of $1,000 bond.

Friday

Robert E. Clark, 61, of 711 Hutchins Ave., Columbus, Bartholomew County warrant, 2:54 a.m., by the Bartholomew County Sheriff’s Department, released on $10,000 bond.

David B. Defibaugh, 54, of 737 California St., Columbus, driving while suspended with prior infraction, Brown County warrant, 7:06 a.m., by the Columbus Police Department, held with no bond.

Fire, medic runs

Friday

4:27 a.m. — Structure fire in the 900 block of Chestnut Street.

6:33 a.m. — Gas odor in the 3400 block of Earls Court.

8:57 a.m. — Possible overdose or poisoning near the intersection of West Jonathan Moore Pike and Interstate 65.

9:49 a.m. — Person injured in a fall in the 6000 block of North Stratton Court.

9:50 a.m. — Unconscious person in the 2400 block of West Jonathon Moore Pike.

10:25 a.m. — Person injured in a fall in the 10700 block of East State Road 7.

6:42 p.m. — Person injured in a fall in the 7400 block of North County Road 825E.

10:46 p.m. — Illegal burn in the 1900 block of Ohio Avenue.

11:01 p.m. — Unconscious person in the 700 block of West County Road 200S.

Incidents

Friday

5:05 a.m. — Domestic disturbance in the 1200 block of California Street.

5:40 a.m. — Property-damage accident near the 70.5 mile marker of South Interstate 65.

7:23 a.m. — Damage to property in the 15500 block of East County Road 400S.

7:23 a.m. — Domestic disturbance in the 15700 block of South County Road 400W.

7:31 a.m. — Theft in the 15800 block of North U.S. 31.

8:20 a.m. — Threats in the 800 block of Jackson Street.

8:59 a.m. — Leaving the scene of a property-damage at the intersection of Fourth and Jackson streets.

11:12 a.m. — Theft in the 1800 block of West County Road 450S.

11:13 a.m. — Theft reported to the Columbus Police Department.

11:27 a.m. — Property-damage accident in the 3400 block of West Jonathan Moore Pike.

11:56 a.m. — Leaving the scene of a property-damage accident in the 3900 block of Williamsburg Court.

12:16 p.m. — Trespassing in the 2200 block of Applegate Drive.

12:18 p.m. — Property-damage accident in the 1000 block of Ashford Park Place.

12:36 p.m. — Drug violations in the 2600 block of Foxpointe Drive.

12:47 p.m. — Property-damage accident in the 2100 block of Chandler Lane.

1:18 p.m. — Leaving the scene of a property-damage accident at the intersection of South County Road 220E and East State Street.

1:30 p.m. — Domestic disturbance in the 3400 block of Limestone Lane.

1:44 p.m. — Theft in the 3500 block of 10th Street.

2:10 p.m. — Theft in the 2200 block of State Street.

2:24 p.m. — Property-damage accident in the 18800 block of East State Road 46.

2:34 p.m. — Theft in the 16200 block of East County Road 265N.

2:58 p.m. — Domestic disturbance in the 100 block of Second Street.

3:23 p.m. — Fight near the intersection of Middle and Rocky Ford roads.

4:14 p.m. — Theft in the 2100 block of Cherry Street.

4:18 p.m. — Property-damage accident in the 1700 block of North National Road.

4:23 p.m. — Fraud in the 800 block of Baywood Court.

4:50 p.m. — Animal abuse in the 2200 block of Fifth Street.

5:16 p.m. — Damage to property in the 1500 block of 22nd Street.

5:44 p.m. — Animal abuse in the 1500 block of Union Street.

6:37 p.m. — Personal-injury accident in the 4900 block of West Jonathan Moore Pike.

6:37 p.m. — Intimidation reported to the Columbus Police Department. 

9:09 p.m. — Shoplifting in the 3000 block of 25th Street.

9:49 p.m. — Domestic disturbance in the 1400 block of Wrenwood Drive.

10:30 p.m. — Disturbance in the 100 block of Cambridge Square.

11:14 p.m. — Loud noise in the 400 block of Pearl Street.

11:24 p.m. — Loud noise in the 3000 block of Rosewood Lane.

11:25 p.m. — Loud noise near the intersection of 17th Street and Lawton Avenue.


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